Programmes and concessions for the
Government of India and Government of Karnataka are implementing a number of welfare schemes for the benefit of the persons with disabilities. Most of us are not aware of all provisions and schemes available for the disabled. This chapter has been prepared to disseminate information about the existing rehabilitation services/schemes for the disabled.
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA-BENEFITS
Government of India has taken the responsibility of providing optimal environment to ensure full participation of the persons with disabilities. In this context, it has introduced a number of welfare programs, schemes, concessions and facilities for educational, vocational and economic rehabilitation. There are various programs meant for different disabilities. Here we are going to highlight only those applicable for the mental illness, mental retardation and locomotor disability.
Orthopaedically handicapped persons / mentally retarded persons with an escort, on production of a medical certificate, are eligible to 75% concession.
Locomotor disabled persons with 80% disability are allowed 50% concession in Indian Airlines.
Preference in allotment of STD/PCO to handicapped persons
Educated unemployed persons are eligible for allotment of STD, PCOs. The educational qualifications for the applicants are 8th or middle class passed from rural areas, at least matriculation or high school for urban areas.
CUSTOMS AND CENTRAL EXCISE
The following exemptions/concessions relating to customs and central excise duties are available to the disabled persons or voluntary organizations.
· Concessional rate of duty of 15% on specified items required by spinal patients and other categories of physically handicapped people.
· Concessional rate of duty of 15% on tricycles on use by crippled and disabled persons.
· Full exemption from payment of duty on specified goods imported by a handicapped or disabled person for his personal use.
· Concessional duty of 25% on orthopaedic appliances imported by post or air for personal use.
· Exemption on all goods manufactured by institutions for handicapped persons.
· Nil duty on artificial limbs and rehabilitation aids for the handicapped.
· Concessional rate of duty of 24% on cars for physically handicapped persons.
Orthopaedically handicapped with disability of lower extremities will be paid transport allowance at double the normal rates. Handicapped employees who have been provided with government accommodation within a distance of 1 kilometer from the place of work or within the campus, the allowance shall be admissible at normal rates.
CHILDREN’S EDUCATIONAL ALLOWANCE
The reimbursement of tuition fee in respect of physically handicapped and mentally retarded children of the Central Government employee has been enhanced from Rs.50/- to Rs.100/- per month.
SCHEME OF INTEGRATED EDUCATION FOR THE DISABLED CHILDREN
Under the scheme, handicapped children are sought to be integrated in the normal school system. 100% assistance is provided to the States/UTs for education of children suffering from certain mild handicaps in common schools with the help of necessary aids, incentives and specially trained teachers.
Children with locomotor handicaps (OH), mentally handicapped, educable group (IQ 50-70), children with multiple handicaps, children with learning disabilities.
The children are provided with following allowances and facilities under this scheme:
a) Books and stationary allowance of Rs.400/- per annum.
b) Uniform allowance of Rs.50/- per annum.
c) Transport allowance of Rs.50/- per month. (If a disabled child resides in a hostel of the school, within the school premises, no transportation charges would be admissible).
d) Escort allowance for severely handicapped children with lower extremity disabilities at Rs.75/- per month.
e) Actual cost of equipment, subject to a maximum of Rs.2000/- per student for a period of five years.
f) In case of severely Orthopaedically handicapped children, 1 attendant for every 10 children may be appointed with a pay scale of Group D employee.
INCOME TAX CONCESSIONS
Relief for handicapped
Ø Deduction of Rs.15,000/- in respect of previous year towards medical treatment (including nursing), training and rehabilitation of a person suffering from a permanent physical disability.
Ø Deduction of Rs.20,000/- paid or deposited by him in the previous year out of his income chargeable to tax, made for maintenance of handicapped dependant.
Ø Deduction of Rs.40,000/- in the previous year for the individual who is suffering from a permanent physical disability, has the effect of reducing the individual’s capacity for normal work/gainful employment or occupation.
Ø Rebate of income tax in case of individuals of 65 years and above.
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has reserved 7.5% of all types of dealership agencies of public sector oil companies for physically handicapped. The oil industry appoints its dealers/distributors through an advertisement.
a) Indian National
b) Age group (21-30 years)
c) Matriculation or equivalent educational qualifications
d) Medical certificate with minimum of 40% permanent disability
e) Income should not be more than Rs.50,000/- per annum
Standard application formats can be obtained from the Divisional/Regional Area Office of the concerned oil companies.
RESERVATION OF JOBS AND OTHER FACILITIES FOR DISABLED PERSONS
*3% Reservations in group ‘C’ and ‘D’ posts for physically handicapped persons.
Category of handicapped %age of reservation Vacancies out of 100
1) The Blind 1% 34th
2) The Deaf 1% 67th
3) The OH 1% 100th
For effective implementation of reservation, it has been advised to maintain a roster of vacancies arising in Grp.’C’ and Grp.’D’ posts.
Ø Persons with disability will be given preference at the time of recruitment in the identified group ‘A’ & ‘B’ posts. Other details including identification of posts, calculations of the number of vacancies are also mentioned in detail.
Ø Identification of jobs: In order to implement the reservation without loss of productivity, some posts are identified disability wise.
Ø Posting of handicapped candidates: Physically handicapped may be posted as far as possible, near to their native place or may be given preference in transfer case near to their native place.
Ø Ban order on recruitment to vacancies earmarked for physically handicapped persons.
Ø Carry forward of posts under reserve category for a period of three years.
Ø Instructions to appointing authorities for intimating vacancies reserved for handicapped. It has been decided that the appointee should send their request to employment exchange/special employment exchange/vocational rehabilitation centres for nominating suitable handicapped persons.
Ø Age concession of 10 years in favour of handicapped persons to recruitment of posts filled through employment exchange in Group ‘C’ & Group ‘D’ posts.
Ø Relaxation in typing qualification.
Ø There should not be any delay in confirmation of jobs.
Ø Reservation of physically handicapped persons in posts filled by promotion.
Ø Exemptions from payment of examination fees.
Ø Appointment of Liaison Officer to look after the reservation matters relating to physically handicapped.
SPONSORSHIP POWER TO NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
The Ministry of Labour, in consultation with Ministry of Social Justice and empowerment and Department of Personnel & Training has decided to grant co-sponsoring power to the national level rehabilitation institutes which are established to develop models of care & rehabilitation and for promoting education, training and rehabilitation of the handicapped.
1. National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped, Secunderabad
This institute was established to develop appropriate models of care and rehabilitation for persons with mental retardation.
National Institute for Mentally Handicapped
Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh
Tel: 040 –27751741-45
Fax: 040-27750198 Email: email@example.com
2. National Institute for Orthopaedically Handicapped, Calcutta
This institute is established for promoting education, training and rehabilitation of the
handicapped, orthopaedically handicapped children and adults suffering from a wide range of disabilities, which limit their mobility, muscular co-ordination and manipulative ability.
National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped
BT Road, Bon-Hooghly
Calcutta, West Bengal
Tel: 033-25310279, 25310789
3. (Swami Vivekananada) National Institute for Rehabilitation Training and Research, Cuttack
This institute is established to promote the use of products of Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India.
S.V.National Institute of Rehabilitation, Training & Research
Olatpur, PO Barol
4. (Deen Dayal Upadhyaya ) Institute for the Physically Handicapped, Delhi
This institute is established to develop manpower for rehabilitation of the physically disabled. It is conducting PT/OT courses, Diploma in Prosthetic and Orthotic Engineering, running workshop for fabrication of Orthotic and Prosthetic appliances.
D.D.U. Institute for the Physically Handicapped
4, Vishnu Digamber Marg
FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
The National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation NHFDC, a subsidiary under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Govt. of India, promotes infrastructure development schemes directly leading to income generation. This corporation provides self employment opportunities to the persons with disabilities
by providing loans at very low rates of interest. The following are the schemes for financing projects.
1. Self-employment in small business, e.g., service/trading sector – loan up to Rs.20.00 lakhs.
2. Assistance to disabled entrepreneurs.
3. Assistance to disabled for higher studies or professional training.
4. Assistance for agricultural activities – loan up to Rs.5.00 lakhs.
5. Scheme to promote manufacturing/production of assistive devices for disabled persons – loan up to Rs.25.00 lakhs.
6. Assistance for skills and entrepreneurial development programmes.
7. Scheme to promote self-employment amongst persons with mental retardation, cerebral palsy and autism – loan up to Rs.2.50 lakhs.
To avail this benefit the person should have a minimum of 40% disability, aged between 18 and 55 years, annual income less than Rs.60,000/- for urban areas, and less than Rs.55,000/- for rural areas.
All loans are to be repaid within seven years with a rebate of 2% on interest for disabled women and with a rebate of 0.5% on interest for timely and full repayment of loan & interest. Rate of interest varies from5-10%. Applications on prescribed format may be submitted to NHFDC, Faridabad, through a channelising agency.
National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation
Red Cross Bhavan, Sector-12
(Opp. Mini Secretariat)
Faridabad – 121007
Ph:0139-2287512 , 7513, 0214, 0335 , 2264841
Channelising agencies in the respective states can be contacted for further assistance.
Public Sector Banks
Under the Scheme for Public Sector Banks for ‘Orphanages, Women’s Homes and Physically handicapped Persons’, the benefits of the differential rate of interest are available to physically handicapped persons as well as institutions working for the welfare of the handicapped. Rate of interest will be uniformly charged at 4% per annum keeping in view the social objectives. Under the scheme of ‘Financing Small Scale Industries’, a special provision has been made in the rate of interest for the physically handicapped person (0.5% concession) for availing capital limit up to Rs.2,00,000/-.
Subsidy to Handicapped under the Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)
3% quota is earmarked for the physically handicapped persons and per family subsidy limit has been raised from Rs.5000/- to Rs.6000/-
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT SCHEMES FOR THE REHABILITATION OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
1. Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (S J & E)
Scheme to promote voluntary actions for persons with disabilities (Umbrella Scheme)
I. Enactment of the People with Disabilities Act of 1995.
II. Disability Division of the Ministry of SJ & E has been administering five grant in aid schemes, which are being implemented through NGOs.
III. Scheme of assistance to organizations for the disabled.
IV. Scheme of assistance to disabled persons for purchase / fitting of aids / appliances.
V. Scheme of assistance to voluntary organizations for special school for handicapped children.
VI. Scheme of assistance of organizations for persons with cerebral palsy and mental retardation.
The Umbrella Scheme simplifies and facilitates procedures for easy access to government support for NGOs. It addresses the unmet needs of over 95% of Indian citizens with disabilities.
Scheme of Assistance to Organizations for the Disabled Persons, 1987
Under this scheme, assistance is provided for developing services for the disabled for education and training, prevention, detection and rehabilitation of disabilities.
The non-governmental organizations having an existence of two years or more from the date of registration are eligible for assistance under this scheme. The grant-in-aid will not exceed 90% of the recurring and non-recurring expenditure.
Grant-in-aid is given for construction of building, maintenance of building, rent of building, stipends for students/trainees in hostels at Rs.300/- per month, transport allowance, furniture and equipment and consolidated salaries of teaching and non-teaching staff.
Scheme of Assistance to Voluntary Organizations for Special Schools for the Handicapped Children
Assistance under this scheme is given for setting up of new special schools and for upgradation of the existing special schools for the visually handicapped, speech and hearing impaired and mentally handicapped children.
Assistance under this scheme is given up to 90% of expenditure for salary of teaching / non-teaching staff, boarding and lodging to hostellers, rent of building, construction of building, purchase of equipment / furniture, books, stationery, water, electricity etc.,.
Scheme of Assistance to Organizations for Persons with Cerebral Palsy and Mental Retardation
Under this scheme 90% assistance is given to social welfare organizations providing services of identification, treatment, rehabilitation etc., in the field of cerebral palsy and mental retardation for purchase of furniture, equipment, books, journals, salaries and allowances for the staff and maintenance charges of hostel. For construction of building, a maximum of Rs.7.5 lakhs is given.
Scheme of Assistance to Voluntary Organizations for Programmes Relating to the Aged
This scheme provides physical social, emotional, psychological and economic support to persons aged 60 years and above. Assistance to the tune of 90% of the expenditure incurred is extended to voluntary organizations for running old age homes towards rent of building, medicines, construction of building, equipment and furniture, food and salaries of staff. Assistance is also given to NGOs to run Foster Care Homes, Day Care Centres and Mobile Medicare Centres for the aged persons.
Scheme of Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/Fitting of Aids/Appliances
The scheme is implemented through the voluntary organizations. Aids and appliances which cost between Rs.50/- to Rs.6000/- are covered under this scheme. For persons with an income of up to Rs.5000/- per month, full cost of the aid will be given, and for persons with an income of Rs.5001/- to Rs.8000/-, 50% of the cost of aid is given. Travelling costs and boarding and lodging expenses are also given to the beneficiaries. The implementing agencies have to apply for grants under this scheme.
Scheme of Assistance to Voluntary organizations for the Rehabilitation of Leprosy cured Persons
Under this scheme assistance is given to NGOs to provide information rehabilitation service regarding leprosy in the areas of awareness generation, early intervention, educational and vocational training, economic rehabilitation, social integration and community based rehabilitation. Assistance to the extent of 90% of the recurring and non- recurring expenditure is provided. Grant-in-aid for construction of building would not exceed Rs.7.5 lakhs.
2. Ministry of Rural Areas & Employment
Convergence of Poverty Alleviation Programme of the Ministry of Rural Areas & Employment with the ADIP Scheme of Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
There is 3% reservation for disabled in the Poverty Alleviation Programme i.e. the implementing agencies have to extend assistance to a minimum of 35 persons with disability in the total number of beneficiary.
TRYSEM training to disabled
Under this programme, training is provided for the local artisans for repairing of aid/appliance of the disabled.
Financial Assistance to Group of People with Disability in Rural Areas
There is a scheme to organize group of persons with disability in rural areas into Sangam / Group and provide Rs.25,000/- to each group for taking up viable economic activities.
· 3% of Jawahar Rojgar Yojana (JRY) funds for the benefit of persons with disability
· 3% reservations to persons with disability in the Rural Sanitation Programme
· 3% of funds for persons with disability in the Indira Awas Yojana
Rehabilitation council of India
It regulates training policies and programmes in the field of rehabilitation of people with disabilities, and encourages continuing rehabilitation education in collaboration with organisations working in the field.
Rehabilitation council of India
23, ‘A’, Shivaji Marg (near Karampura Complex)
District Rehabilitation Centres
This programme was launched for providing a package of model of comprehensive rehabilitation services to the rural disabled. This scheme is operated in 11 different places of the country. They provide direct services to the handicapped persons at the headquarters in conjunction with local hospital authorities and rehabilitation services through camps. They arrange for services like education, vocational training and placement in association with voluntary agencies and concerned departments / Institutions of government. The services are provided at village level through the integrated child development scheme (ICDS), local health worker, etc. They undertake the work of disability prevention through community health centre (CHC) / District Centre or voluntary Organisation. At the PHC / CHC level, there are no specialised staff of rehabilitation, but all the PHC / CHCs medical and Para- Medical personnel are being given training and orientation in disability intervention.
Regional Rehabilitation Training Centres
The Regional Rehabilitation Training Centres (RRTCs) were set up to provide technical support to the district rehabilitation centres in the area of trained professional manpower, paramedical and field workers. There are four RRTCs in Lucknow, Madras, Cuttack and Bombay. These are the supporting centres of central administrative and coordination Unit of DRC Scheme.
National Information Centre on Disability and Rehabilitation (NICDR)
The NICDR was born out of a need for a comprehensive and active communication system of rehabilitation services in the country, to provide a database for comprehensive information on all facilities and welfare services for the disabled. It acts as a nodal agency for awareness creation and preparation / collection and dissemination of materials / information on disability relief and rehabilitation.
RELIEF ASSISTANCE UNDER BILATERAL AGREEMENT
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India operates the bilateral agreement with the Government of U.S.A, U.K, Sweden, Switzerland and Germany to provide duty free entry into India of donated supplies for relief and rehabilitation of poor and needy without discrimination of caste, creed or race.
EMPLOYMENT OF HANDICAPPED
Assistance to disabled persons in getting gainful employment either through special cells in National Employment Exchanges or through Special Employment Exchanges for physically handicapped.
Upto 100% financial assistance is provided in the case of special cells and 80% in the case of Special Employment Exchanges to state governments / union territory administrations.
Joint secretary (DD)
Government of India
Ministry of Social Justice and Employment
6th floor ‘A’ wing
Shastri Bhavan, New Delhi-110001
NATIONAL AWARD FOR THE WELFARE OF HANDICAPPED
The Government of India has instituted National Awards for
1. Best Employees with disabilities.
2. Best Employers of persons with disabilities.
3. Best Placement officers of persons with disabilities
4. Best individual award working for the cause of persons with disabilities.
5. Best institution award working for the cause of persons with disabilities.
6. Best Technological innovation in the cause of the disabled and adaptability of innovation to provide cost-effective technology.
7. Outstanding & creative person with disability.
8. Outstanding work done in the creation of barrier-free environment for people with disabilities.
These awards are conferred on the 3rd of December every year on the World Day of the Disabled, by the President of India.
NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR REHABILITATION OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (NPRPD)
To create service delivery system at state/district/gram panchayat level so as to provide comprehensive rehabilitation services right at the doorsteps of persons with disabilities, community based rehabilitation approach is promoted at block and gram panchayat level. At district and state level, institutional based services will be provided. There is provision of two community based rehabilitation workers at each gram panchayat and two multi-purpose rehabilitation workers at block level. Services at district level would be provided through various professionals like physiotherapist, occupational therapist, orthotic & prosthetic engineers etc. The focus at grass root level would be prevention, early intervention and information dissemination. At the state referral centre, higher level services is provided.
The Scheme is being implemented as a State Sector Scheme through State Government / local bodies in convergence with the other existing schemes and programmes of various Departments and by NGO’s and autonomous bodies.
District Rehabilitation Centre
4, Vishnu Digambar Marg
REGIONAL COMPOSITE RESOURCE CENTRE
There are 6 national / apex institutes dealing with specific areas of disabilities. In order to bridge the infrastructural gap, a scheme has been recently approved to set up 6 Regional Composite Resource Centres.
The Regional Composite Resource Centres would provide rehabilitation services and manpower development in all areas of disabilities.
These centres will be set up in those regions where there is little or no infrastructure available.
Joint Secretary (DD)
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
Phone: 011 23382683 ,.23389184
REHABILITATION SERVICES IN MORE THAN 10 DISTRICTS (SETTING UP OF COMPOSITE FITMENT CENTRES)
To provide comprehensive rehabilitation services to the unreached persons living with in rural areas, with a focus on assessment, fitment, maintenance and repairs of assistive devices, composite fitment would be setup at the district level. The scheme also targets at incorporating barrier free environment in buildings, roads, transport and other public infrastructure. National / apex institutes, District Rehabilitation centres and ALIMCO will be the implementing agencies for the scheme. The services would be provided in collaboration with local NGO, state Government agencies / authorities.
District Rehabilitation Centre
4, Vishnu Digambar Marg
REGIONAL REHABILITATION CENTRE (rrcS) for persons with spinal injuries and other orthopaedic disabilities
A network of four regional rehabilitation centres for persons with spinal injuries and other orthopaedic disabilities are being set up as a centrally sponsored scheme on 90:10, Centre: State sharing basis. Facilities for basic management and follow up of the spinally injured and orthopaedic disabilities with focus on rehabilitation as well as training.
The following services will be provided by the centres:
· Diagnostic facilities
· Physiotherapy & Occupational therapy
· Minor operations
· Artificial Limbs and appliances fitting
· In patient beds facility
· Vocational Training
· Teaching and training material including audio-visual equipment
Joint Secretary (DD)
Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
Phone: : 011 23382683 ,.23389184
Family pension to disabled children- Handicapped children shall be eligible for the benefit of family pension even if they have been born after the retirement of the Government Servant from a marriage solemnized after retirement.
Ad-hoc allotment of central pool residential accommodation to the physically handicapped employees:
Government employees suffering from tuberculosis, cancer and physically handicapped persons may get adhoc allotment of general pool residential accommodation on request after recommendation of the special recommendation committee and on the approval of the urban development ministry.