CHAPTER 39

TRANSFER OF NAVAL SHIPS TO FOREIGN NAVIES

BANGLADESH

    After the 1971 Indo Pakistan war, the erstwhile East Pakistan became an independant state called Bangladesh. Bangladesh sought the assistance of the Indian Navy to help start the Bangladesh Navy. In April 1973 and July 1974, Seaward Defence Boats INS AKSHAY and AJAY were transferred to the Bangladesh Navy, who renamed them as BNS PADMA and SURMA respectively.

MAURITIUS

    In the early 1970s, the Government of Mauritius was in need of a vessel which could help protect maritime and fishing rights, help in air/sea rescue, rescue fishermen in distress and check smuggling and other illegal traffic. The Government of India offered to gift the Seaward Defence Boat INS AMAR. The Government of Mauritius accepted the offer. Mauritian officers and sailors were trained in India. AMAR was towed to Mauritius by the Training Squadron and handed over in March 74 to become MNS AMAR to start with and later CGS AMAR.

    In 1989, the Mauritius Coast Guard was formed. A marine training establishment was set up and a Dornier surveillance aircraft was acquired from India.

In the early 1990's, the Mauritius Coast Guard expanded. It acquired another Seaward Defence Boat from India and its second Coast Guard aircraft from Britain.

Indian Naval Officers have helped to set up the Mauritian Coast Guard, to man and maintain its vessels, to train Coast Guard personnel to operate the Dornier aircraft, to train Mauritian personnel for the mercantile marine and to render technical assistance whenever requested.

UTILISATION OF PAKISTAN MERCHANT SHIPS SEIZED DURING THE 1971 WAR

Four Pakistani merchant ships were seized - PASNI (GRT 1203) ANWAR BAKSH (GRT 7235), BAQIR (GRT 9326) and MADHUMATI (GRT 3311).

As per international law and practice, these vessels were treated as the property of the Government of India. They were utilised as follows:

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